Normally people are accustomed to the rules related to buying a flat or an apartment. However, what if you want to buy a plot in Maharashtra? In such cases, the ‘7/12’ or ‘Satbara Utara’ extract is a crucial document. The Maharashtra government is now providing 7/12 documents online through the Maha Bhulekh portal, which is a one-stop platform for searching, downloading and extracting land documents in the state. Also known as Maharashtra Bhumi Abhilekh, it is a land record website of Maharashtra state that provides 7/12 extract and 8A extract online to citizens. Property owners can download the digitally signed 7/12 and 8A extracts and property cards from digitalsatbara.mahabhumi.gov.in which could be used for legal verification, as well.
Each district in Maharashtra has a land register that contains the details of lands in that district. The 7/12 is an extract from such a register, which gives complete details of a particular plot. A 7/12 extract is issued by the revenue department, through the tahsildar and it consists of details such as ownership of the plot, occupancy, liabilities on the plot, survey number detail, date of ownership, etc. The 7/12 extract shows the village form number. The number 7 represents Form VII that contains details of the owners and their rights, while 12 represents Form XII that contains details of the agricultural features of the land.
Form VII has details such as the rights record, occupants’ details, ownership details, tenant information, revenue obligation of the holders and other details related to the land. Form XII contains details related to crops, its type and area covered by the crops.
The 7/12 extract is not a conclusive document to prove the ownership, but it is only a record to ascertain revenue liability. The title of the property cannot be transferred, on the basis of a 7/12 extract.
Importance of the satbara 7/12 document
A 7/12 extract reveals the history of ownership of the land and therefore, it is handy while checking for past disputes on the land and to find out the legal orders that may impact the land. As it also contains the usage records of the land, a 7/12 extract can help in establishing, whether the land was used for agricultural purpose and what type of crops were grown.
You can get the 7/12 extract by applying to the local tahsildar, mentioning the available description of the land and the purpose of seeking the extract. You can also get the 7/12 details by applying through the government of Maharashtra’s website. You can get the extract document easily, if you can provide the correct requisite details. If you are unable to find the details online, then, you may have to opt for a physical mode of application.
For obtaining the 7/12 extract online, follow this process-
Step 1: Visit Mahabhulekh Portal
Step 2: Select region from the drop-down menu.
Step 3: Select 7/12 from the menu and choose the district from the drop-down list.
Step 4: Select County and Village.
Step 5: Now you can search for records through survey number, first name, last name or full name.
Step 6: Once your property details pop up, you have to register yourself with your mobile number. After this, you will be able to view your 7/12 extract.
If you are looking to buy a plot, then, the 7/12 extract is one of the most important documents that can clear all your doubts, about the history of the land and whether you should take the next step to finalise the deal. However, prospective buyers should remember that the 7/12 cannot be used as a document to transfer the ownership/title of the land to someone else, as it is can only be used as record document containing tax and possession information.
How to get digitally signed 7/12 document from Maha Bhulekh online?
If you want to utilise this document for legal purposes, it is imperative that the document is digitally signed, which proves the authenticity of the document. Maharashtra government has recently redesigned the Aaple Abhilekh portal (digitalsatbara.mahabhumi.gov.in) to make the entire process easier. Follow this procedure, step-by-step, to get your copy of 7/12 document digitally signed.
Step 1: Visit Aaple Abhilekh Portal
Step 2: Click on ‘New User Registration’ to register yourself. Submit all the requisite details and information. Once you have registered yourself, login to the portal.
Step 3: Select the search criteria to find your property details and add the property document to the cart.
Step 4: Once you have added the documents to the cart, click on ‘Download’. All the documents will be downloaded with digital signatures, which can be authenticated using Adobe PDF Reader.
How to make online payment for downloading 7/12, 8A?
While you can download the digitally signed 7/12, 8A document online, you need to make a marginal payment, to avail of this service. Here is how to do it:
Step 1: Visit the Aaple Abhilekh Portal.
Step 2: Once you have registered yourself, login to the portal.
Step 3: First click on the ‘make online payment’ option.
Step 4: Enter the amount between Rs 15 and Rs 1,000. It is advised to make payment in multiples of 15.
Step 5: Click on the ‘Pay Now’ button.
Step 6: Click on ‘Print Receipt’ and note down the PRN Number.
Step 7: Click on the ‘Continue’ button and select the document you want to download.
How to verify digitally signed 7/12, 8A extract and property card
Property owners can also verify the digitally signed documents including 7/12 and 8A extract and property card. Since all these documents can be used for legal purposes, it is important that you verify the extracts before presenting it in a court of law.
Step 1: Visit the Aaple Abhilekh Portal.
Step 2: Choose the extract that you want to verify. You will be redirected to a new page.
Step 3: Enter the verification number and click submit. The results will be displayed on the screen.
Recently, the Maharashtra government changed the format of the 7/12 extract document to avoid duplication and forgery. The document will now have a land record department watermark and the state government’s logo. It will also have the name and code of the village and the last entry of the landowner will be struck out. There are a total of 12 changes in the new format which are being implemented to weed out forgery in a land transaction.
The document will have the local government’s directory code, the total area of that survey number and will also showcase pending mutation and last mutation number. The document will also mention the purpose of land which will make its purpose clearer.
How to apply for mutation (updation) in 7/12 online?
If the land owner finds any discrepancy or errors in the information in the online 7/12 and in the handwritten information in the 7/12 extract, he/she can apply for correction online. The errors may include:
- Total area of 7/12
- Unit of area
- Name of the account holder
- Area of the account holder
Here is how to apply for correction and updating of land records in Maharashtra:
Step 1: Visit the E-Rights portal and create an account.
Step 2: Login to the portal and select the ‘७/१२ Mutations’ option, to start land record mutation entry.
Step 3: You will get a popup message requesting to select the proper ‘Role’ of the user. There are three roles in which data entry can be done: Citizen, Bank/society and Others. The applicant should be very sure before selecting the role, because certain mutation types are restricted to specific roles only. For example, under the ‘Citizen’ role, one can do the following:
- Add heirs
- Remove the name of a guardian
- Remove HUF name
- Add/remove a will
- Remove the name of a deceased person
- Change the trustee name.
Step 4: Submit the details to register the changes made in the land records.
How to apply for mutation (updation) in 7/12 offline?
If you are unable to add or delete the name of heirs or new buyers in the 7/12 document online, it is important that you submit the request in person, at the tehsildar’s office. Fot this, attach a copy of the sale deed and 7/12 document downloaded from ‘Aaple Abhilekh’. Once approved, the mutation entry with regard to the 7/12, will be taken in your name. For further guidance, you can also consult a property lawyer.
What is MAHA Bhulekh (Maharashtra Bhumi Abhilekh)?
Mahabhulekh or Maharashtra Bhumi Abhilek is a land record website of Maharashtra that provides 7/12 extract and 8A extract to citizens, online. Both of these documents are very important to verify the past ownership and disputes over the land. Maha Bhulekh allows the land owners in Maharashtra to search and check land records and to get a copy of the same online, by paying a nominal fee.
MahaBhulekh mobile app: Beware
Land owners should remain alert against various scam apps listed as MahaBhulekh on the Google Play Store . There is NO OFFICIAL MOBILE APP of MahaBhulekh portal and all the information required for the 7/12 document, mutation, etc., should be searched on bhulekh.mahabhumi.gov.in only. These mobile apps have been created by private entities and individuals, which could corrupt your mobile phone data or damage the device through malware.
What is 7/12 (satbara)?
The 7/12 is an extract from a land register, which gives complete details of a particular plot.
Where is 7/12 extract used?
It works as a legal document. It is one of the important documents that banks ask for if you plan to raise a loan against such property.
How to obtain, download 7/12 (satbara) online?
You can download 7/12 extract online from the Bhulekh portal.
(with additional inputs from Surbhi Gupta)