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GST rate for construction and building materials

To subsume almost all indirect taxes in India, except for a few state taxes, the government, in 2017, launched the Goods and Services Tax (GST) regime that is in line with globally-accepted tax regimens.

The Goods and Services Tax (GST) covers real estate in India through works contracts and building and constitution works, as all components used in the development work attract GST. To put it simply, covered under the new regime is the Indian construction industry, which continues to attract high rates of taxes through a blend of levies imposed on the purchase of various building construction materials.

In spite of the many policy support measures that have been announced by the government and the banking system and several discount offers launched by the builder community, rates of properties in India’s most active markets continue to move upwards, on the back of a spike in rates of building and construction materials. In the past few months, leading to September 2021, prices of construction materials have shown nearly 20% increase, primarily because of supply concerns. With no correction in GST rates, developing residences continues to be pricey for the builder, making purchases pricier for the buyer. According to industry estimates, the average price to develop a sq ft of space now stands at Rs 2,000. This means the buyer has to pay a price much higher than what the builder spends.

Discussed in detail in this article are the taxes one has to pay as GST on various building materials.


GST on real estate


GST rate on sand

5%: Natural sand of all kinds other than metal-bearing sand.

18%: Bituminous or oil shale and tar sands, bitumen and asphalt, natural asphaltites and asphaltic rocks.


GST rate on cement

28%: On portland cement, aluminous cement, slag cement, super sulphate cement and similar hydraulic cement.


GST rate on bricks

5%: Building bricks and other bricks of fossil means and other siliceous earth or fly-ash bricks.

18%: Tile, refractory bricks and ceramic goods.

28%: Materials made of cement, artificial stone or concrete like brick, flagstone, building blocks, cemented bricks, including prefabricated components for building construction; glass-based paving blocks, including squares, tiles, slabs, objects of pressed glass used in the construction process, glass cubes and small glass wares for decorative purposes, including leaded lights, foam glass used in blocks, plates and panels, etc.


GST on gravel and crushed stone

5%: Pebbles, gravel and crushed stone used in concrete.


GST on marble and granite

12%: On marble and granite blocks.

28%: Marble, granite and travertine not in blocks.


GST rate on building stone

5%: Porphyry, basalt, sandstone and other monumental or building stone, both, in blocks and slabs.


GST rate for iron steel

18%: On iron blocks, wire, rolls and rods.


GST rate for tiles

5%: Earthen or roofing tiles.

18%: Bamboo flooring tiles.

28%: Cement tile, concrete tile, artificial stone tile, floor coverings of plastics in rolls or in the form of tiles, wall or ceiling coverings of plastics, panels, boards, tiles, blocks and similar articles of vegetable fibre of straw or of shavings, chips, particles, sawdust or other waste, of wood, agglomerated with cement, plaster or other mineral binders, ceramic flooring blocks, support or filler tiles, articles of plaster like boards, sheets, panels, tiles and similar articles, hearth or wall tiles, ceramic mosaic cubes, glazed ceramic flags and paving, hearth or wall tiles and glazed ceramic mosaic cubes.


GST on coal


See also: All about the National Building Code


GST rate for interior materials used in construction


GST on mica

12%: On worked mica and articles of mica.


GST rate on electrical machinery

28%: Electrical machinery and equipment and their parts.


GST rate on paint and varnish

28%: Paints, varnishes, enamels, lacquers based on synthetic polymers or chemically modified natural polymers, glaziers’ putty, grafting putty, resin cement, caulking compounds, painters’ fillings, non-refractory surfacing preparations for façades, indoor walls, floors and ceilings.


GST rate on bathroom fittings

18%: Tube or pipe fittings like couplings, elbows and sleeves made of copper, aluminium, plastic, nickel, iron and steel.

28%: Ceramic sinks, wash basins, wash basin pedestals, baths, bidets, water closet pans, flushing cisterns, urinals and similar sanitary fixtures, sanitary ware and their parts made of iron and steel, ceramic pipes, conduits, guttering and pipe fittings.


GST rate on wallpapers

28%: All types of wallpapers and wall coverings.



What is the rate of the GST on steel?

From July 1, 2017 the rate of GST for steel is 18%. The GST rate for some of the input used by the steel industry like iron, coal and transportation services is 5%.

Types of cement are classified under which code of the GST?

Types of cement are classified under chapter 25 of the HSN Code.

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